2007年11月25日

マフィアが「神の銀行家」を殺害するよう命じた:イタリアの法廷

Mafia ordered "God's banker" murder: Italy court
【REUTERSより、以下転載】
ROME (Reuters) - The mafia was probably behind the infamous 1982 murder of Roberto Calvi, who was found hanging from a London bridge and was known as "God's banker" because of his Vatican links, an Italian court said on Wednesday.

Calvi, the head of the collapsed Banco Ambrosiano, was found dangling from a noose with $15,000 in his pockets and weighed down with bricks under Blackfriars Bridge in central London in what prosecutors argued was a 'suicide' staged by his killers.

A Rome court acquitted two Italian mobsters, a bodyguard, a financier and his girlfriend in June of carrying out the killing.

It did not release the reasons for the acquittal until Wednesday, when it cited a lack of evidence against the accused.

More interestingly, the court appeared to support, at least in part, the prosecution's argument that Calvi was a victim of a Mafia revenge killing.

It speculated that a likely scenario was that Calvi had lost Cosa Nostra money he was meant to launder, and mobsters wanted to cover their tracks.

"It's more credible that the killing of Roberto Calvi was decided as a punishment and to prevent him from revealing his relations with people who acted as a link to the criminal organization," the court wrote.

Prosecutors had presented forensic evidence that Calvi was strangled and his suicide staged in a manner suggesting Mafia or Masonic ritual.

The court agreed that Calvi's murder seemed to fit the profile of a mob killing.

"Similar operations can be considered compatible with the mentality of mafiosi and have similar precedents in the criminal history of the Cosa Nostra," it said.

The court acquitted Mafia "treasurer" Pippo Calo, serving life for another murder; Sardinian financier Flavio Carboni; Rome crime boss Ernesto Diotallevi; and Calvi's bodyguard Silvano Vittor. Carboni's Austrian girlfriend Manuela Kleinszig was cleared of all suspicion, as the prosecution had requested.

In its explanation, the court said prosecutors had relied on circumstantial evidence from witnesses who were now dead, some of them killed.

Calvi's death cast a long shadow over the Vatican, which was implicated financially in the collapse of Banco Ambrosiano.

The Vatican Bank owned a small part of Ambrosiano and was found partly responsible for the $1.3 billion in bad debts left by Ambrosiano's failure. Calvi was appealing against a four-year sentence when he secretly flew to London in 1982 with a case of papers.

The private detective hired by Calvi's son, Jeff Katz, said in June he believed Calvi was lured onto a boat on the Thames by the promise of meeting shadowy financiers who could help him save Ambrosiano, when he was murdered and his suicide staged.

The motive, Katz believes, was that Calvi had threatened to squeal on his powerful clients if they let him go to jail.
バチカンとの強力な結びつきから『神の銀行家』と呼ばれたロベルト・カルビ(元アンブロシアーノ銀行の頭取)の殺人事件について、ローマでの裁判内容の記事です。

二人のイタリア人ギャング、ボディーガード、出資者、女友達、みんな無罪の判決が出たそうです。無罪の理由は水曜日まで公表されていないが、告発するだけの証拠がないとか。本当かなあ~、司法関係者や政府の要人が平気でマフィアに脅されて逆らうと殺される国だからなあ~。

カルビがコーザ・ノストラの資金洗浄をしていたが、金を返せなくなって責任を取らされたということは、これまでと同じですね。それと余計なことを言わないように口止めという古典的だが、非常に有効な方法です。

ただ、カルビの死因は自殺ではなくて、マフィアの儀式的なやり方でやられていて過去にも例があるようです。マフィアがやったと言っても何もできないんですね。検察側は状況証拠に頼っていたようですが、肝心の証人が今は死んでいたり、殺されてしまっているようで結局、みんな無罪とは・・・。

最もカルビ自身も刑務所に入れられたら、暴露すると脅していたらしいのでかえって口封じを促して自らの命を縮めてしまったのかも?

やりきれないお話ですね。一方で、カルビと結託してバチカンの資金を大量にカルビの銀行に回していたマルチンスク司教はこないだ亡くなったとニュースでやってたし。全ては闇の中に葬り去られるんでしょう。どこの国も同じですか・・・。う~む。

関連ブログ
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「神の銀行家」変死、マフィアら無罪 謎解けぬまま…
「法王の銀行家」殺害で4人起訴 CNN
「教皇の銀行家」殺害で4人を起訴
P・マルチンクス氏死去/元バチカン銀行総裁
「法王暗殺」デイヴィッド・ヤロップ 文芸春秋
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「世界を支配する秘密結社 謎と真相」 新人物往来社
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